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The History Of House Cats

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Their story begins around 10 to 12,000 years ago in an area of the world known as the Fertile Crescent the name speaks for itself this is a crescent-shaped region located here in the middle east where the land is very fertile in comparison to the surrounding regions it was in these fertile lands that some of the earliest development of human civilization began one of which being agriculture the land was perfect for farming and the people took great advantage of this however as many modern-day farmers will no farm

 

stores often attract many unwanted guests such as mice and rats looking to feed on the stored grain this wasn’t bad for everyone though as the wild cats of the area soon discovered Felis Silvestri’s live occur a species of wild cat found in the middle east.

 

African wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica), Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, Northern Cape, South Africa.

Soon found itself living among the human civilizations drawn in by the abundance of mice and rats the wild cats would both hunt the local vermin and scavenge in the rubbish left by people with food being so easy to find it’s not surprising that these cats stuck around in the area’s heavily populated by people and it’s entirely possible that the people realizing that the cats kept the vermin under control may have encouraged the cats to stay over thousands of years a new species of cat eventually evolved called felis catus or as we know it the domestic cat pet stray and feral cats of the modern day all belong to this species although the domestic cat species evolved thousands of years ago truly domesticated cats have been around for less than a hundred years before that time keeping a cat indoors was not a common practice and the majority of cats lived free roaming lives where they were free to come and go as they pleased you never truly owned a cat and they did not rely on humans for their survival to this day this is one of the reasons many people are attracted to keeping them as pets.

So let’s talk about some other aspects of cat history and some fun history facts the first archaeological evidence of humans and cats living together come from a burial site right here on the island of Cyprus the site provides evidence dating way back

 to 9,500 BCE it’s believed the cats were intentionally brought to the island by humans and it certainly explains why we are completely overrun by them now and why these days many locals see them as vermin in ancient Egypt the goddess Bastet was depicted as a woman with the head of a cat she was the goddess of cats protection and love her followers are well known for their practice worshiping pet cats as well as keeping them on leads and mummifying them when they died from Egypt cats were introduced to Rome in 31 BCE.

Which led them to being widespread in Europe by the 4th century it’s believed that the first cats to arrive in the Americas did so by boarding ships alongside Christopher Columbus the first settlers of Jamestown and aboard the Mayflower in the late 19th and early 20th century cats were official employees of the United States Postal Service.

Their job was simply to catch and kill vermin although there are many people who believe that commercial cat food has been around for a very long time it has in fact been around for less than a hundred years canned cat food was only introduced in the 1930s and dry cat food wasn’t introduced until the 1950s barely more than 60 years ago it was during this time that more cats began to live indoors as now there was a reliable way of feeding them before this a cat could only be kept indoors if it was fed a diet of fresh meat and fish similar to today’s raw meat diets for most people at that time buying extra week for a cat was an unaffordable expense and so very few cats lived indoors another invention that contributed to cats living indoors was the accidental discovery of clay cat litter in 1947 tidy cats was the first-ever brand of commercial cat litter and it was this invention that led to the sudden increase in house cat popularity before clay cat litter those who did keep cats indoors would use a pan filled with dirt on newspaper as their pets toilet zone so even though our relationship with cats has been around for thousands of years house cats have been commonly kept for less than 60 years because of this even house cats of today still carry within their wild instincts cats can easily survive in the world without humans they are the most skilled domestic hunter and they are still kept as working animals on farms even though they’re wild independent nature is what draws many people to owning cats it’s quite possible that over the coming centuries the cat’s typical behaviour will change and they may lose some of their wild instincts as more and more of them are fully domesticated and kept as house cats.

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Cats

Rarest Cats

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Cats are some of the most popular animals in the world to be kept as pets but with more than 44 officially recognized breeds, and plenty of variants there’s a wide range of choices to choose from when picking your perfect feline companion. not all of them are as common as others however and there are probably plenty that you’ve never even heard of. Now let’s take a look at the 15 rarest cat breeds in the world.

Number 14 the serval :

Servals are a breed of cat that are native to the regions around these Saharan desert in Africa standing at up to 25 inches tall to the shoulder their name translates from Portuguese to mean wolf deer and while they may look cute these are far from being domesticated; they have the largest ears of any breed of cat, which are perfectly designed to hear even the faintest sound of prey from miles away and also have the longest legs in comparison to their body size. They are also incredible jumpers able to leap to 9 feets in the air from a standing start which means they’re able to catch birds from tree branches in an instant. they are also very territorial and will engage in brutal fights with one another to defend their space. they spend a lot of time marking their boundaries with urine with some individuals having been recorded up to 566 deposits in just a four-hour period, well it’s one way of letting everyone know you’re the boss we suppose this is a wild breed and so don’t fit in well into a home environment, this doesn’t stop some people from trying though and they soon find that the cat’s increasing boredom can wreak havoc on their furniture.

 Number 13 :

 Peter Bald cats originated in Russia in 1994 when a st. Petersburg resident experimented by crossbreeding a Don hairless and an oriental Shorthair they are born with a gene that causes them to lose hair, so even though they have a full coat of fur at Birth it is lost over time and they become completely bald they are a slim and muscular breed known for their elongated heads and surprisingly straight profile. they grow long whip-like tails and are highly intelligent and able to turn door handles and manipulate objects with their dexterous paws the breed is extremely friendly curious and energetic and can be an absolute pleasure to have around the home, they get on well with other breeds too and are fine with pets from different species including dogs as long as they have grown up with them, will they’ve been officially acknowledged by cat associations around the world the relative recent emergence of them means that they are still quite rare and can command huge sums if you want to buy one. 

Number 12 Korat :

Originating in Thailand, Korat are an old breed that are seen locally as good luck charms,, and have such an important place in beliefs that it was only recently that they were allowed to be sold before then they could only be given as gifts. They are a Shorthair breed that are a silver tipped blue in color that can appear to shimmer, sometimes described as looking like seafoam as they age their color will become deeper but they’ll also develop white patches or gray stripes. they are a surprisingly intelligent breed and if you take them somewhere that they’re not familiar with, they’ll immediately try to return home and no matter how long it takes they will get back eventually, this shows how good a memory they have but it also extends to them being fully aware of where you keep their treats and unless you lock the food away they’ll quite happily help themselves. They are highly social too and will always want to play and learn new tricks as a breed to become a true member of the family they’re one of the best.

Number 11 Caracals :

Caracals found in to the wild across Africa, India and the Middle East. caracals can grow to 20 inches tall at the shoulder and will weigh anything up to 40 pounds, commonly known as the Persian Lynx they are known for the black Tufts of hair that grow on the ends of their ears, an adaptation that no one’s entirely sure of the purpose of it has been suggested they may help to keep the sunshine or insects out of their eyes as a way to communicate with others or possibly to help filter sound before it even reaches the ear canal they are usually a reddish tan color with white around the eyes, but can be solid black too they are perfectly adapted for their environment with strong muscular bodies and have such quick reactions that they can snatch a bird out of the air in mid-flight. Birds are their favorite thing to feed on but they’ll also hunt anything that’s smaller than themselves including rodents, rabbits reptiles and even other cats. This is not a breed to mess with but there’s no doubt that they’re incredibly beautiful to look at.

Number 10 Norwegian Forest Cat :

This majestic creature is a Norwegian Forest Cat, a breed that no one knows the origin of but is known to have been taken back to Norway by the Vikings around the Year 1000 AD. they are specifically adapted to living in extremely cold environments and have a thick coat of long water-shedding hair they have strong claws that allow them to climb better than most other breeds and have long sturdy bodies, they’ll usually grow to up to 20 pounds in weight and will prefer to live in a predominantly outdoors life. they will however adapt to an indoors existence if the owners require and are friendly with people even strangers who are invited into the home. they are however quite a peaceful breed so aren’t suited to environments where there are dogs or any other high-energy pets, unfortunately during the Second World War the breed almost became extinct but in recent years thanks to the efforts of cat conservationists, their numbers have begun to increase again still you’ll rarely see one unless you’re in Norway.

Number 9 the Serengeti :

 

The Serengeti is a breed of cat that was created from a Bengal and an oriental Shorthair in 1994. The idea was to create a cat that looked as similar as possible to a serval, but without any recent Wildcat blood so they are far more suited to domestic environments. they have extremely long tails and legs and have a glorious tan and black spotted patterning weighing, no more than 15 pounds they are very energetic and agile and will often try their best to reach the highest possible place in the house they have been bred to be incredibly friendly and as a result will get along with everyone in the home including dogs and other small pets. you might find yourself running around the house to find them and they’ll also need access to outdoors so they can self exercise as much as they need. Those who own them say they’re the best pets they’ve ever had but as recently introduced breeds they’re still quite difficult to get a hold of.

Number 8 the Ocelot :

Ocelots are small species of cat that are native to the southwestern US and Mexico and can be easily identified by the black spots and streaks that are on their coats, they typically grow to be around 20 inches tall at the shoulder and weigh up to 34 pounds which is about twice the size of a typical domestic cat but as they are a wild species so are not suited to being pets unless they are adopted by someone who’s used to handling them. They are nocturnal hunters spending their time in search of armadillo and opossum. They are solitary animals only meeting up with each other to breed and are highly territorial and will put their lives on the line to prevent any others from encroaching into their space. they don’t like being out in the open and tend to stick to areas with a thick cover of vegetation records of this species have been found from as long ago as the Aztec and the Inca and with no concerns at all about their population numbers they’ll likely be around for many more thousands of years to come.

Number 7 the ragamuffin :

Ragamuffins are a variant of the ragdoll breed and were only first acknowledged as a breed in their own right in 1994. They are very heavy and muscular cats classified as having substantial body types and are also covered in a thick furry coat which feels very similar to rabbit fur. they make for great household pets and are extremely friendly if you pick one up it’ll go completely limp like a soft toy and absolutely love contact with people. they’ll walk up and snuggle against you and like nothing more than to fall asleep on your lap, a ragamuffin will undoubtedly become your best friend and it’s for this reason that they’re in such high demand and difficult to get their resilience on interaction comes with a downside though because this isn’t a great breed to have if you spend a long amounts of time away from home. even several hours alone may lead to them becoming depressed and agitated, so you should only consider getting one if you are able to show them just as much love and affection as they’ll give and return.

Number 6 Geoffroy’s Cat :

Native to regions across South America. Geoffroy’s Cat is a species of wild cat that’s around the same size you’d expect of a domestic one, growing to around 24 inches tall and weighing up to 11 pounds. They are recognizable they’re brownish yellow fur that’s covered from head to tail in black spots and bands. They are solitary hunters that only ever go out at night and will often stand on their hind legs to scan the surroundings for potential prey. Their diet is made up mainly of rodents lizards and insects and there’s hardly any terrain that they won’t cross in search of a meal or mate. you might think it’s a strange name for a cat breed but this is because they were named after the French zoologist at Tian Jia Freesat here who first documented them during the 19th century. as they are wild cats they’re not so used to human interaction and if you ever encounter one, they’ll likely run away before you have time to get close.

Number 5 California spangled :

California spangled cats are a breed that were created in the 1980s with the intent that they would look just like wild cats such as Ocelot and leopards but with a temperament more suited to a domestic environment they are a crossbreed of a number of strains including Abyssinian American Shorthair and the British Shorthair. when you see them they definitely do look like miniature leopards and it’s almost hard to believe that they’re the same size as any other pet cat unlike those that they imitate. they’re very friendly, affectionate and curious and will form a close bond with their owners attempting to follow them wherever they go they are also highly intelligent and acrobatic so there’s nowhere inside the house that they won’t be able to reach surprisingly this breed never caught on and after emerging in the 1980s only fifty eight or ever registered. this doesn’t seem to have been anything to do with their temperament or appearance but was most likely to do with cost with each one retailing for up to two thousand five hundred dollars.

Number 4 British Shorthair :

British Shorthair cats are unsurprisingly native to the UK and are one of the oldest breeds of cats in the world it’s thought that they descended from cats were taken to Rome from the Egyptian Empire and were taken to the British Isles in year 43. When troops went to invade weighing up to 17 pounds when healthy they are particularly vulnerable to overeating and so some individuals have been measured to be over twice that it’s therefore vital that their owners give them a well-balanced and restricted diet. bearing in mind that when they’re outdoors on their own they are probably finding sources of food beyond what you’re giving them British Shorthairs are very friendly and easy to have living around the home and will often just entertain themselves without needing too much involvement from their owners, if you’re out of the house a lot but one a pet to come home to then they’re an ideal breed although they can be quite expensive and can be difficult to get a hold of in most countries around the world.

Number  3 Turkish van :

Turkish van

 Turkish vans are a breed of long-haired cat that were created by crossbreeding a number of breeds from different cities across Turkey. They are identified by their so-called van pattern where the color can only be seen on the head and the tail with the rest of the animal being covered in white hair, this is because of the presence of a gene linked to leucism. Letting me show you which means that the cells on the main part of the body aren’t able to form pigment; they can have blue or amber eyes but may also have one of each and are extremely rare, with only several hundred thought to be born each year. they are very good hunters but get on well with humans and any other pets you may have around your home if you have a Turkish van be prepared for them to bring you gifts that they’ve caught outside for you, and they also have an unusual fondness for water they’re one of the only breeds in fact that will take every opportunity they can to go for a swim and if that’s not possible you might find them playing with the toilet ball.

Number 2 the Egyptian Mau :

the Egyptian Mau

Egyptian mouths are one of the few breeds of cat that are spotted with markings that appear on the very tips of their coats. they are also recognizable because of the scarab beetle or M shaped marking on their head and the dorsal stripe that runs along their back from the head to the tip of the tail. they can be one of six different colors silver bronze smoke black caramel or pewter and they love to sing and make noises. the egyptian mau is regarded as a rare species with only several hundred kittens registered every year and this may be because even though they’re incredibly friendly. they are the fastest breed of domesticated cat and can run at speeds of up to 30 miles an hour, they love to explore their surroundings so won’t be around the home for much of the day and they’re also extremely sensitive to temperature and don’t fare so well in colder climates but if you have the right environment for them there’s possibly no better and more unusual breed to have.

Number 1 Bombay cat:

Bombay cat

Bombay cats are a crossbreed between Burmese and black American Shorthairs and were first introduced in 1958 designed to resemble a small Panther they share none of the traits of the species they are imitating and are instead extremely friendly and inquisitive, they have dark black coats and even the pads on their feet their noses and mouths are the same color only their eyes are different and can be copper or green making them the epitome of what a black cat should be almost seeming to be at home on the back of a witch’s broomstick they are very brave animals and will form a strong bond with their owners they will seek attention from you almost constantly because they’re not very good at entertaining themselves and this can be somewhat annoying for people who aren’t expecting it they are however better than most breeds for those with allergies because they shed far less hair than others they are though much more vocal than virtually any other type of cat and we’ll keep on meowing until you give them your undivided attention which of these breeds did you like the most and have you ever seen any of them in real life.

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Cats

The 10 Most Common Diseases in Cats

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Whether you already live with a cast or are thinking of adopting one into your family it’s important to know the basic care needs of these animals as well as being aware of any possible health problems they may develop like any living being cats can suffer from a number of various pathologies some more serious than others this is why in this animal wise video we’re going to bring you the 10 most common diseases and other health problems in cats let’s get started.

Viral disease

This is a viral disease caused by an unco new virus the word for a virus which can cause cancer it is transmitted to recontact with bodily fluids such as saliva blood urine or even lactation during pregnancy the virus affects our cats white blood cells which are part of their immune system this lowers our cats natural defenses and makes it more at risk of infection and other complications it is one of the most serious feline diseases due to the ease of transmission and the potentially fatal damage it causes to the body the symptoms of leukemia are varied and depend on the general health status of the animal the most common include fever loss of appetite weight loss skin lesions gastrointestinal disorders and swelling of the lymph nodes.

Feline panleukopenia virus 

 This is a disease caused by feline panleukopenia virus in some ways related to canine parvovirus. It is also known as feline distemper enteritis or infectious gastroenteritis. The contagion occurs from contact with the bodily fluids of an infected cat. it’s most common symptoms are fever and later on, hypothermia, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, weakness, dehydration and anorexia additionally when performing a blood test we will discover a significant drop in white blood cells.

Feline rhinotracheitis

 This disease is deadly and we need to act quickly to separate this cat from any healthy cats with which they may come in contact. The virus which causes this particular disease is a strain of the herpes virus. The virus lodges in the Airways causing infections to the respiratory system, between 45 and 50 percent of respiratory diseases and cats are caused by this virus. Symptoms include fever, sneezing, nasal, mucus conjunctivitis, lacrimation, and even ulcers in the cornea.

Feline calicivirus

 it is spread by contact with fluids such as nasal secretion and saliva; there’s no specific treatment for the disease itself, only the treatment of its symptoms. the cats which he’ll become carriers as although they may no longer suffer the symptoms of the disease they continue to harbor the virus and can infect others with it. This is a very contagious respiratory disease, particularly common among stray cats who live in large groups.

Feline influenza

 Symptoms include sneezing fever, excess elevation, and in some cases ulcers and blisters in the mouth. and on the tongue, an infected animal that manages to overcome the disease will remain a carrier for life and can still infect others both.

Feline pneumonitis

 feline herpes virus and feline kalsa virus can cause feline influenza the most common symptoms of this respiratory disease include fever sneezing nasal and ocular discharge, loss of appetite cough depression mic breathing excess salivation and in some cases ulcers in the mouth. This respiratory disease is produced by bacteria which generates a series of infections known as chlamydia –ss. it is spread by direct contact with fluids and bodily secretions.

Feline immunodeficiency

 it is not a fatal disease in itself however there are potential fatal complications so a vet’s visit is the necessity to ensure correct and treat. The symptoms of feline pneumonitis are excessive, tearing, conjunctivitis, reddened and painful eyelids and abundant ocular discharge which may be yellowish or greenish. Additionally there may be sneezing, coughing fever, nasal, mucus and a loss of appetite.

Infectious peritonitis

 this disease is commonly known as feline AIDS its transmission usually occurs during fights and during the reproductive act as bodily fluids are exchanged from an infected to a healthy cat the symptoms which make us suspect this disease are an absolute depression of the immune system an increased susceptibility to secondary diseases it is these secondary diseases which ultimately lead to the death of an affected cat. work is being done to find a reliable vaccine but it’s hindered by developing resistance to this disease, due to exposure to other infected cats. The virus which causes the disease is a coronavirus, which more commonly affects younger or older cats. it’s contagion occurs most often through contact with the stool of infected cats. a healthy cat can become infected by smelling this fecal matter and the virus gets introduced through the respiratory tract. The most notable symptoms are fever anorexia, increase in size of the abdomen and accumulation of fluid within. This is because the virus attacks white blood cells causing inflammation of the membranes in the thoracic and abdominal cavities if it occurs in the pleura it produces pleuritis and if it affects the peritoneum it produces comparative itis.

Renal failure

 there is a vaccination against this disease but once contracted there is no cure and is usually fatal this is a very common problem in domestic cats with serious consequences including a reduction in life expectancy in general sterilized cats usually suffer from this condition more than unsterilized cats however it can develop in any cat without an appropriate diet and which leads a sedentary life very doubts so far find that obesity in cats is related to diseases and health problems such as diabetes respiratory failure fatty liver hypertension urinary tract infections and increased levels of bad cholesterol.

This is the alteration in the function of the kidneys and is a disease which can only be controlled not cured in general the kidneys are responsible for filtering and eliminating harmful substances from the body through Europe when there is a failure in this filtering system.

Can we prevent these diseases ?

renal failure can occur the most well known causes of renal failure include kidney damage from toxins or mismanaged medications hereditary polycystic kidney disease particularly common in Persian cats tumors older cats over 15 years old and bacterial infections the main symptoms of kidney failure and cats are loss of appetite and wit increased thirst increase in urination depression vomiting diarrhea pale mucous membranes dehydration hair loss bad breath and ulcers in the mouth and/or stomach can we prevent these diseases most of the conditions and health problems mentioned here are prevented by means of adequate preventive medicine based on appropriate vaccinations and deworming schedules this is why it is so important to follow these schedules in conjunction with veterinary check ups also as soon as the onset of symptoms is witnessed take your cat to the appropriate specialist.

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